This activity is designed for physicians. Upon completion of this course, participants will be able to:
- Compare and apply best practice patterns and newer surgical approaches to improve patient outcomes.
- Utilize evidenced based medicine to guide clinical decision making.
- Examine the impact of socioeconomic forces of the care of patients with surgical diseases
- Recognize the impediments for research, and advancement in medicine based on race or gender
- Recognize the complexity to effect change in the patterns of gun violence impacting society as a whole
In accordance with the ACCME Accreditation Criteria, the American College of Surgeons must ensure that anyone in a position to control the content of the educational activity (planners and speakers/authors/discussants/moderators) has disclosed all financial relationships with any commercial interest (termed by the ACCME as “ineligible companies”, defined below) held in the last 24 months (see below for definitions). Please note that first authors were required to collect and submit disclosure information on behalf all other authors/contributors, if applicable.
Ineligible Company: The ACCME defines a "commercial interest" as any entity producing, marketing, re-selling, or distributing health care goods or services used on or consumed by patients. Providers of clinical services directly to patients are NOT included in this definition.
Financial Relationships: Relationships in which the individual benefits by receiving a salary, royalty, intellectual property rights, consulting fee, honoraria, ownership interest (e.g., stocks, stock options or other ownership interest, excluding diversified mutual funds), or other financial benefit. Financial benefits are usually associated with roles such as employment, management position, independent contractor (including contracted research), consulting, speaking and teaching, membership on advisory committees or review panels, board membership, and other activities from which remuneration is received, or expected. ACCME considers relationships of the person involved in the CME activity to include financial relationships of a spouse or partner.
Conflict of Interest: Circumstances create a conflict of interest when an individual has an opportunity to affect CME content about products or services of a commercial interest with which he/she has a financial relationship.
The ACCME also requires that ACS manage any reported conflict and eliminate the potential for bias during the educational activity. Any conflicts noted below have been managed to our satisfaction. The disclosure information is intended to identify any commercial relationships and allow learners to form their own judgments. However, if you perceive a bias during the educational activity, please report it on the evaluation.
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COMMERCIAL SUPPORT ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
The American Surgical Association wishes to recognize and thank the following company for their monetary commercial support:
Wolters Kluwer is the Publisher of the Annals of Surgery, the official publication of the papers presented at the Scientific Sessions of the Annual Meeting of the American Surgical Association.